Go to Landcare Research home page
Home About Mushrooms Simple key Genus (A-Z) Help

« Back

Go to the NZFungi website for more indepth information on Schizophyllum commune. Schizophyllum commune


Schizophyllum commune var. multifidum
Schizophyllum multifidum
Agaricus multifidus


Present in region - Origin uncertain

Images (click to enlarge)


Caption: C-3718
Owner: Herb. PDD

Caption: Watercolour
Owner: G.M. Taylor

Caption: scale=5mm
Owner: J.A. Cooper

Article: Stevenson, G. (1964). The Agaricales of New Zealand: V. Kew Bulletin 19(1): 1-59.
Notes: Is common throughout New Zealand on fallen wood of indigenous and exotic trees.

Article: Massee, G.E. (1899) [1898]. The fungus flora of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 31: 282–349 Wellington:.
Description: Pileus very thin, dry, sessile, resupinate or usually attached laterally and spreading like a fan, entire or variously lobed; pileus tomentose, greyish, 1-6 cm. broad; gills radiating from the point of attachment, forking, narrow, dry, splitting along the edge, split surfaces minutely downy, grey, then tinged purplish-brown; spores hyaline, elliptical, apiculate, 5-6 x 4 µ.
Habitat: On trunks, branches, and worked wood.
Notes: ommon in New Zealand, and very general in tropical and subtropical regions, becoming rare in colder regions. Very variable, sometimes resupinate and almost entire, usually lateral and spreading from the point of attachment in a fan-like manner. Sometimes cut into deep narrow lobes.

Article: Cooke, M.C. (1879). New Zealand fungi. Grevillea 8(46): 54-68.

Article: Horak, E. (1971). A contribution towards the revision of the Agaricales (Fungi) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 9(3): 403-462 (http://www.rsnz.org/publish/abstracts.php).
Notes: Quite common throughout the country.

Article: Gadgil, P.D. (in association with Dick, M.A.; Hood, I.A.; Pennycook, S.R.) (2005). Fungi on trees and shrubs in New Zealand. Fungi of New Zealand. Ngā Harore o Aotearoa 4: xi + 437 p. Hong Kong: Fungal Diversity Press.
Description: Type: Lignicolous Fungi; Description: Basidiomata solitary or with a few or many overlapping pilei, leathery, sessile or attached by a lateral extension of the margin which may at times form a stipe-like base. Pilei fan-shaped, 10–60 mm wide. Pileus surface villose, the hairs matted, fawn at first, grey when old, margin varying from scalloped to incised to deeply cleft. Gills widely spaced, divided, radiate, pinkish fawn to dark grey. Context brownish, up to 0.7 mm thick. Basidiospores narrowly oblong to cylindrical, 4–8 × 2–3 μm, smooth, hyaline.
Distribution: Distribution: Northland, Auckland, Coromandel, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Taupo, Wanganui, Wellington, Gisborne, Hawkes Bay, Wairarapa, Nelson, Buller, Westland, Kaikoura, North Canterbury, Mid Canterbury, Central Otago, Southland.; 1st Record: Berkeley (1855).

Article: Dingley, J.M. (1969). Records of plant diseases in New Zealand. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bulletin 192: 298 p. Wellington:.
Notes: Fructifications of this fungus are common throughout New Zealand on indigenous and introduced trees and shrubs. Birch (1937b) recorded it as a wound pathogen of Sophora microphylla, and Taylor and Atkinson (1941) recorded it as a wound pathogen on apple trees in a neglected orchard in Huapai, Auckland.