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Most Psilocybe and all Stropharia species are introduced to New Zealand, and are common and widespread in human habitats such as rough pastures and wood chip mulches. Some Psilocybe species are found on dung.
Spore prints of both species often have a lilac tinge; they are distinguished by the occurence of chrysocystidia in Stropharia.
About 10 species have been reported from New Zealand, only those listed below have descriptions or images available from NZFungi.

Name (click to select)Image (click to enlarge)
 Psilocybe argentina  
 Psilocybe aucklandiae  
 Psilocybe coprophila  
 Psilocybe crobula  
 Psilocybe makarorae  
 Psilocybe novae-zelandiae  
 Psilocybe physaloides  
 Psilocybe semilanceata  
 Psilocybe sp. 1  
 Psilocybe sp. 2
 Psilocybe subaeruginosa